IITKGP launches innovative cloud-based Public Bicycle Sharing System


IIT Kharagpur Foundation (USA) NEWSLETTER

Volume: 3.09.2024

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IIT Kharagpur launches innovative cloud-based Public Bicycle Sharing System

IIT Kharagpur has launched a 4th generation “Make in India” Public Bicycle Sharing System (PUBBS) on its campus as part of the institute’s initiative to implement non-polluting and green transport on campus. The cloud-based bicycle sharing system was initially rolled out for free and is now available at a minor charge on a subscription basis so that it can be set up by individuals without specialized equipment and personnel. The eco-friendly project was funded by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Image courtesy: https://pubbs.in

Developed by a team of researchers from the department of Architecture and Regional Planning, led by Dr. Debapratim Pandit, it is designed as a dock-less public bicycle system. It includes a smart electro-mechanical IOT (internet of things) module for locking bicycles and its software. The goal of PUBBS is to be a platform to address the last and first mile connectivity issues in urban settings. It helps people to cover a short distance at negligible costs. The team’s goal is to overcome micro-mobility for people. 

PUBBS provides a smart and hassle free public bicycle sharing system that prepares the bicycle for a sustainable future. PUBBS developed the following products to enable this service: 

1. SMART Bicycle Lock


Features: GSM/GPS/Communication, GPS Location tracking, theft detection with GPS location, efficient locking and unlocking with robotic hardware driver, updated circuit and battery protection; energy efficient hardware design, enhanced battery life.

2. Bicycle Stands

Types: RFID-based stands, automatic e-bike charging stands

3. Associated Software Applications

User applications- station and individual bicycle detection, operational assistance, ride history, bluetooth connection, and more. 

Admin applications- add stations, bicycles, employees, and areas; track bicycles; provide support; recharge bicycles; and more.

Dr. Pandit says that, “Anyone can start the system in a couple of hours with 25-30 bikes. A geo-fencing area has to be created to start operation. We have an administrative app for operators to create all this.” 

Watch a video about the system.

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